Clidemia hirta is a densely-branching shrub that usually grows from 50 – cm tall, often forming impenetrable stands, especially if growing in good soils[. Leaf and flower, Clidemia hirta (Kostner’s curse); opposite leaves (up to 15 cm long x 8 cm wide) have prominent veins and are dark green. Plant Morphology: Growth Form: Perennial shrub. Foliage: Glossy, deeply veined leaves are ovate to oblong with crenate leaf margin (leaf edge lined with.

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It is able to colonize large areas very quickly. Informations on Clidemia hirta has been recorded for the following locations. In terms of economic uses, Clidemia hirta has been widely introduced as an ornamental plant. Clidemia elegans Aublet D. Hirga Sri Lanka it is quite invasive in wet zone and upcountry forests, especially invading gaps in the forest, preventing other native species from emerging. It is also native to the Caribbean islands Wester and Wood, Title Leaf and flower.

Chemical control of Asystasia intrusa BlClidemia hirta Don.

Factsheet – Clidemia hirta (Koster’s Curse)

Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. A survey on the status of invasive woody plant species in the western Indian Ocean found that the major environmental impact of invasive species in the region is the reduction of the native regeneration through competition by exotic species Mauremootoo The flowers are arranged in small clusters in the leaf forks or at the tips of the branches in axillary or terminal clusters.


Sheil, ; Missouri Botanical Garden, The syrup has a beautiful indigo blue color and may be used to enhance and remove the bitterness of teas such as yerba mate. It is now found in a large number of tropical countries and particularly oceanic islands, and it is likely to be under-recorded. This species is native to much of tropical America. Long distance dispersal may also be brought about by human activities.

Formerly, it was only considered as a pasture or crop weed but in recent decades it has become a major weed of natural forest communities. In the East Usambaras Tanzania the shrub is found not only along roadsides but also in many parts of the undisturbed montane forest Binggeli, Reproducion de tres especies de Clidemia Melastomataceae en Brasil.

Originally only known as “the curse” for the damage it did to coconut plantations, its vernacular name became a model after which those of other invasive plants were patterned, such as Ellington’s curse on Fiji, McConnel’s curse in Australia, or Curse of India in East Africa.

Reproductive Biology A mature plant can produce over blue-black berries mm long per year, each containing over seeds 0. C and Falanruw, M.

Invasive Melastomataceae in Seychelles. Clidemia in the list of species of the flora of Brazil. Invasive alien species in Japan: Controlling feral pig populations Sus scrofa has been widely suggested as an effective means to reduce the spread of C.

Clidemia hirta (L.) | Species | WIKTROP Portal V

It is also subject to strong competition from other Melastomataceae. As long as the drought does not last more than six months plants recover and resume reproduction within a short time Smith Undated.


Pacific Science 46 2: The first records for India, in Tamil Clidemka were noted in Manickam et al.

Naturalized and invasive plants in the evergreen forests of the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Simon Brooks seedling Photo: Pteris lidgatei no common name: Or, Login with your user account:. A pyralid moth, Blepharomastix ebulealis clicemia Ategumia ebulealis ], released in has been heavily parasitized and has been ineffective in controlling C.

Several of 14 species of insects, recently evaluated in Trinidad, can clidemiia considered for introduction into Hawaii and the release of four pathogens is envisaged. The terrestrial ecology of Ascension Island. This is the result of a large seed bank and the rooting ability of detached leaves in forested areas Smith, Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

The base of the flower is swollen into a cup-shaped structure i. Natural forest gaps are also prone to invasion; however, long-term studies of succession are required.

Hirta in the understory of young secondary forest K. Pteris lidgatei no common name. Environmental Impact Top of page Under heavy infestations clidemiz C.

Missouri Botanical Garden, Their upper surfaces are sparsely covered in hairs, similar to those found on the stems i. In Hawaiian communities, C.