Download Citation on ResearchGate | Years Rerum novarum—The Theological Zum amerikanischen Hintergrund der Enzyklika Rerum novarum ( ). Zum amerikanischen Hintergrund der Enzyklika Rerum novarum (). Paderborn. In: Jahrbuch für Christliche Sozialwissenschaften 52 (), pp – M. Zanatta, I tempi e gli uomini che prepararono la “Rerum Novarum,” Milan, O. Schilling, Die deutsche Sozialpolitik und die Enzyklika “Rerum Novarum”;.

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Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources. Consequently, it has rights and duties peculiar to itself which are quite independent of the State. Life on earth, however good and desirable novaeum itself, is not the final purpose for which man is created; it is only the way and the means to that attainment of truth and that love of goodness in which the full life of the soul consists.

Man’s powers, like his general nature, are limited, and beyond these limits he cannot go. Therefore, venerable brethren, as on former occasions when it seemed opportune to refute false teaching, We have addressed you in the interests of the Church and of the common weal, and have issued letters bearing on political power, human liberty, the Christian constitution of the State, and like matters, so have We thought it expedient now to speak on the condition of the working classes.

Some there must be who devote themselves to the work of the commonwealth, who make the laws or administer justice, or enzyklikx advice and authority govern the nation in times of peace, and defend it in war. We find therein grounds for most cheering hope in the future, provided always that the associations We novarjm described continue to grow and spread, and are well and wisely administered.

This paper however focuses on the period ending with the Harvester judgment. If any there are who pretend differently – who hold out to a hard-pressed people the boon of freedom from pain and trouble, an undisturbed repose, and constant enjoyment – they delude the people and impose upon them, and their lying promises will only one day bring forth evils worse than the present. Due to the lack of other possibilities, the policies found in peripheral territories often highlight tourism — particularly heritage tourism — as the most valuable activity to launch a more sustainable development process.


For, just as very rough weather destroys the buds of spring, so does too early an experience of life’s hard toil blight the young promise of a child’s faculties, and render any true education impossible. Although the encyclical follows the lines of the traditional teaching concerning the rights and duties of property and the relations of employer and employee, it applies the old doctrines specifically to modern conditions.

Again justice demands that, in dealing with the working man, religion and the good of his soul must be kept in mind. Nature itself would urge him to this. Views Read Edit View history. All who are concerned in the matter should be of one mind and according to their ability act together.

Rerum Novarum

La Rerum Novarum y El Bien de Mutual agreement results in the beauty of good order, while perpetual conflict necessarily produces confusion and savage barbarity. Among these may be enzyklikq societies for mutual help; various benevolent foundations established by private persons to provide for the workman, and for his widow or his orphans, in case of sudden calamity, in sickness, and in the event of death; and institutions for the welfare of boys and girls, young people, and those more advanced in years.

Wherefore, it is in his power to exercise his choice not only as to matters that regard his present welfare, but also about those which he deems may be for his advantage in time yet to nvarum.

But, if Christian enzyk,ika prevail, the respective classes will not only be united in the bonds of friendship, but also in those of brotherly love. For example, workers have rights to a fair wage and reasonable working conditions, but they also have duties to their employers; likewise employers have rights and also have duties to their workers.


Society cannot exist or be conceived of without them. The contention, then, that the civil government should at its option intrude into and exercise intimate control over the family and the household is a great and pernicious error.

The most important of all novarym workingmen’s unions, for these virtually include all the rest.

It is sufficient, therefore, to inquire what part the Rerym should play in the work of remedy and relief. Woe to him that is alone, for when he falleth he hath none to lift him up. At novatum present day many there are who, like the heathen novagum old, seek to blame and condemn the Church for such eminent charity.

It is this, above all, which is the reason arid motive of Sunday rest; a rest sanctioned by God’s great law of the Ancient Covenant-“Remember thou keep holy the Sabbath day,” 31 and taught to the world by His own mysterious “rest” after the creation of man: It is gratifying to know that there are actually in existence not a few associations of this nature, consisting either of workmen alone, or of workmen and employers together, but it were greatly to be desired that they should become more numerous and more efficient.

Rerum novarum – Wikipedia

But We affirm without hesitation that all the striving of men will be vain if they leave out the Church. Ajaran sosial Gereja merupakan suatu arah dan pedoman bagi Gereja dalam pelayanannya terhadap manusia seluruh dunia dan bagi keselamatan jiwa-jiwa.

Thomas Aquinas, “for a man to hold private property; and it is also necessary for the carrying on of human existence. The consciousness of his own weakness urges man to call in aid from without.

Associations of every kind, and especially those of working men, are now far more common than heretofore.