Managing Public Relations CL [James E. Grunig] on by James E. Grunig and Todd T. Hunt is a must-have for PR students and professionals. Get this from a library! Managing public relations. [James E Grunig; Todd Hunt]. GRUNIG & HUNT’S FOUR MODELS OF PUBLIC RELATIONS. In the book “Managing Public Relations” from James E. Grunig and Todd. Hunt.

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Managing Public Relations

William Sledzikassociate professor of journalism and mass communication at Kent State University: One example is propagandist techniques created by news media ggunig in North Korea.

Why do companies need public relations?

The two-way symmetrical model is deemed the most ethical model, one that professionals should aspire to use in their everyday tactics and strategies Simpson, What is public relations? William Sledzikassociate professor of journalism and mass communication at Kent State University:. Consider this example from Dr.

Some experts think of public relations more broadly. Do you think the two-way symmetrical model is plausible?


Managing Public Relations : Todd T. Hunt :

Here, practitioners are negotiators and use communication to ensure pubic all involved parties benefit, not just the organization that employs them. It is a one-way form of communication.

Finally, the two-way symmetrical model argues that the public relations practitioner should serve as a liaison between the organization and key publics, rather than as a persuader. Discussion Point Do you think the two-way symmetrical model is plausible?

Four models of public relations – Writing for Strategic Communication Industries

Still, persuasive communication is used in this lublic to benefit the organization more so than audiences; therefore, it is considered asymmetrical or imbalanced. Skip to content Increase Font Size. For example, can we represent the interests of loyal employee groups while our shareholders demand layoffs in favor of low-cost offshore suppliers?

Some press releases and newsletters are created based on this model, when audiences are not necessarily targeted or researched beforehand. For instance, they may argue that political lobbying is a form of public relations because lobbyists engage in communication activities and client advocacy in order to shape the attitudes of Congress Berg, These models serve as guidelines to create programs, strategies, and tactics. However, this book focuses on a public relations approach based particularly on writing for the media.


The public information model moves away from the manipulative tactics used in the press agent model and presents more accurate information. Furthermore, the goal is to disseminate communication based on the two-way symmetrical model presented by Grunig and Hunt In this model, accuracy is not important and organizations do not seek audience feedback or conduct audience analysis research.

However, the communication pattern is still one-way.

Practitioners do not conduct audience analysis research to guide their strategies and tactics.