Kerala Mahatmyam, a great treatise on the History of Kerala, which is in Sanskrit containing more than stanzas and hundred chapter states that Vishnu. The Keralolpathi is a Malayalam work that deals with the origin of the land of Kerala. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu. “Keralotpathi and Kerala-mahatmyam” says C.A. Innes, “are late compilations of unknown origin and so full of inconsistencies, anachronisms and absurdities.

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The other theory relates to the ancient martial ksrala of the Nairs. Matriliny was, as per this theory, consequent upon the men purely being instruments of war rather than householders. Therefore, according to Shungunny Menon a native historian of TravancoreKerala one cannot place, in the Keralolpathi, the value of a historical source.

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Kerala Mahatmyam @

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Instead he would visit a lady in her natal home every now and then, solely for sexual purposes, and the offspring would be her responsibility entirely.

Manu Pillai Manu Pillai is a mahatmywm and researcher. One is mythological and based on a Malayalam treatise called Keralolpathi, as well as and a Sanskrit work called the Kerala Mahatmyam.

Yet a ruthless mahatmham and generations of shrewd management ensured its endurance, as well as its political and cultural currency. Sexual freedom was also remarkable so that while polygamy was happily recognised in other parts of India, in Kerala women were allowed polyandry.


However the said king reigned between and AD. Besides, by the 18th century modified versions of the work started appearing, varying from kingdom to kingdom and region to region in Kerala. Some anthropologists regard Kerala’s system of matrilineal kinship as the continuation of a practice that at one time existed all over the world, while others contend that it was conceived due to some mysterious, compelling circumstances that replaced patriarchy at a historical kkerala.


Retrieved from ” https: Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P However the corresponding date mentioned is such that the prophet was not even born till more than a century later. Nair women could, if they wished, entertain more than one husband and, in the event of difficulties, were free to divorce without any social stigma.

But as the scholar K. The Nairs, the principal matrilineal caste, were the descendants of these nymphs and their Brahmin overlords, tracing their lineages in the maternal line. While the military tradition of the Nairs, famous for its suicide bands called chavers, was well known, this theory is also more circumstantial than absolute.

He is then said to have awarded this new region conveniently to Brahmins, after which he summoned equally conveniently deva divinegandharva celestial minstreland rakshasa demon women for the pleasure of these men.

There are, however, two views on this that have mahat,yam passed down within the region. As Kerala was ushered into the modern era, closer to democracy and republicanism, the women of Travancore came to occupy a central role in its fortunes. The marriage system itself was something that never ceased to fascinate visitors to Kerala. Boys were sent off to train in military gymnasiums from the age of eight, and their sole occupation thereafter was to master the art of warfare.

These refer to the creation of Kerala by the legendary hero Parasurama, who is supposed to have hurled his battle-axe from Gokarna to Cape Comorin and claimed from the sea all ksrala land in between.

So the onus of family and succession was taken care of by women, who formed large establishments and managed their affairs independently mahatmaym the absence of men. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Keralolpathi. While the “Kerala Mahatmayam” deals with the origin of Kerala and its people alone, the Keralolpathi gives a history of Kerala down to the modern age, including reference to the British in Kerala.

Historians doubt the reliability of this collection of legends as it contains many discrepancies. Hindu texts Asian chronicles.


William Loganwho was the author of the Malabar Manual also refutes the validity of the Keralolpathi and describes it as:. Shungunny Menon, stated that:. This page was last edited on 8 Decemberkeralx Widowhood was no catastrophic disaster and they were effectively at par kerla men when it came to sexual rights, with complete autonomy over their bodies.

Travancore, a dominion loyal to the British Raj, was relatively newer than the ancient houses that once warred over this slice of south-western India, set between the Arabian Sea and the tail-end of the Western Ghats.

Keralolpathi – Wikipedia

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachana 17th-century scholar of the Malabar region of India.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Sign in with Google. For instance it states that a certain Viceroy of Kerala went to Mecca and met the Islamic prophet Mohammed there.

Wikisource has original text related to this article: For them death by any other means than at the end of a sword on the battlefield was a mortifying ignominy and in their constant zeal for military excellence and glorious bloodshed, they had no time to husband women or economic resources. Sreedhara Menon, page The Keralolpathi covers the ancestry of the Namboodiri Brahmins and other castes of Kerala and is sometimes called the “Kerala Ulpathy”.

Likewise even the origins of most of the castes and clans of Kerala varies from mahaatmyam ancient Sanskrit Kerala Mahatmayam. Among Nambutiri Brahmins only the eldest son was permitted to take a Brahmin wife and all other men had to seek sambandhams from mahattmyam high-caste matrilineal communities.